sharpeville massacre - Africa Media Online
The non-violent campaign to reverse apartheid began here.
Story taken from Drum October 1960
"This is the call the African people have been waiting for! It has come! On Monday, 21st March 1960, we launch our positive, decisive campaign against the pass laws in this our country." Thus spoke Mangaliso Sobukwe, three days before Sharpeville. South Africa had started a new phase in her history.
Three days later the Pan-Africanist leaders started their non-violent
campaign to reverse apartheid Mangaliso Sobukwe made his intention clear
in a letter to the Commissioner of Police: "I have given strict
instruction," he said, "not only to members of my own organization but
also to the African people in general, that they should not allow
themselves to be provoked into violent action by anyone."
on the appointed day, monday, March 21, thousands of Pan-Africanists reported to the police without their passes and asked to be arrested.
Their object was to demostrate the force of organised non-violence. They
wanted to make the pass laws unworkable as a first step in a long
campaign to achieve "freedom and independence" for Africans by 1963.
The police were taken unawares by the crowds of volunteers who asked to
be arrested. In some places the leaders were detained, in others they
were persuaded to return home. Everything went according to plan, and
then, at Sharpeville, tragedy occured.
After the people's protest, after the Sharpeville killings, after 20,000 people had been detained, after 156 days of nightmare, the Government closed another chapter in our Country's history. There was to be no change. Apartheid and baaskap were here to stay.
Contributor: Text—Drum Magazine / Baileys African History Archive and Africa Media Online
Contributor: Photographic archive—Baileys African History Archive